Choosing the Right Resume Template: Chronological vs. Functional

2 min read
Mar 15, 2024 11:20:00 AM
Choosing the Right Resume Template: Chronological vs. Functional
When it comes to crafting your resume, selecting the right template is crucial. Your resume serves as your first impression on potential employers, and it's essential to present your qualifications effectively. Two primary types of resume templates exist: chronological and functional. Each has its own strengths and ideal use cases, depending on your career journey and goals.

Chronological Resume Template:

The chronological resume template is the most traditional format. It emphasizes your work history in reverse chronological order, starting with your most recent position and working backward. This type of resume is best suited for individuals with a stable work history and a clear career progression.

When to Use a Chronological Resume:

  1. Clear Career Path: If you have a consistent work history with progressively responsible roles within the same industry or field, a chronological resume is ideal. It showcases your career trajectory and highlights your advancement.

  2. Traditional Industries: Industries such as finance, law, or academia often prefer chronological resumes. Employers in these fields value a structured presentation of your work experience.

  3. Highlighting Growth: If you want to emphasize your career growth and accomplishments over time, a chronological resume effectively showcases your achievements in a logical order.

Functional Resume Template:

The functional resume template focuses on your skills and qualifications rather than your chronological work history. It allows you to highlight specific abilities, achievements, and experiences relevant to the job you're applying for, regardless of when they occurred.

When to Use a Functional Resume:

  1. Career Gaps or Changes: If you have significant gaps in your work history or are transitioning to a new industry, a functional resume can de-emphasize chronological timelines and emphasize your transferable skills.

  2. Highlighting Skills Over Experience: For recent graduates or individuals with limited work experience, a functional resume allows you to showcase your skills, internships, volunteer work, and educational achievements prominently.

  3. Customizing for Specific Roles: When applying for roles that require specific skill sets, a functional resume enables you to tailor your qualifications directly to the job requirements, making you a more compelling candidate.

Choosing between a chronological and functional resume template depends on your unique circumstances and career objectives. If you have a consistent work history and want to highlight your career progression, a chronological resume is likely the best choice. However, if you're navigating career changes, have gaps in your work history, or want to emphasize your skills over experience, a functional resume offers a more tailored approach. Ultimately, selecting the right template enhances your chances of standing out to potential employers and landing your desired job.

Download an Employment Connection resume template:

Example Resume

Chronological Resume Template

Functional Resume Template


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